About Murchison National Park
The Murchison Falls National Park contains four of the big five of the land animals including buffaloes, elephants, Lion and Leopard. The Rhinos also existed in the park before they got extinct in 1983 following excessive poaching. However, the rhinos were later re-introduced and put in the adjacent Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary 135km about 2 -3 hours’ drive from Kampala. Murchison Falls National Park is also a home of other wildlife species including; giraffe, Uganda Kob, Jackson’s Hartebeest, Waterbuck, oribi, bushbuck among others.
The Uganda safari destination of Murchison Falls National Park is positioned on a relative low-lying landscape rising to an elevation of 619m and 1,292m. It receives average rainfall of 1,085mm which is a bit low compared to the rain forests of south western Uganda though it is within the same range with other savannah areas of East Africa. Murchison Falls National Park which is the second most visited park in Uganda after Queen Elizabeth National Park is marked by rolling savannah combretum dotted with borassus palms, acacia woodland and riverine vegetation along the Nile River banks. The southern end of the park is marked by thick forest cover including the forest tract of Rabongo with canopy. The park is a home to 76 species of mammals including; bohor reedbuck, defassa buck, side-striped jackal, oribis, warthog not forgetting olive baboon and vervet monkeys.
The savannah plains of the park are a home to spotted hyena, localized patas monkey and leopard. The forest of Rabongo contains populations of chimpanzees, black and white colobus monkeys and a range of other primates. Murchison Falls National Park is a home to 460 species of birds and other 19 species that are not yet confirmed. The Nile River banks contain the vulnerable Shoe bill stork which is the most sought after bird by birders on birding safari tours in Uganda. The raptors count to 53 species.