The history of the now Murchison Falls National Park dates back to the Uganda tour by the European explorers John Speke and James Grant in 1862. This visit was followed by a thorough expedition of the park by Samuel Baker and Florence Baker in 1863-1864 during their Uganda adventure safari tour in search of the source of the Nile River. The park was named by sir Samuel Baker as Murchison after the geologist Roderick Murchison. Murchison was the then president of the Royal Geographical society.

The park was first gazetted as a game reserve in 1926 making it the oldest and largest conservation area in Uganda (3893km2). Being the first park to be gazetted it can be termed “the first piece of the stunning beauty at the pearl of Africa to be appreciated”. In 1928, the boundaries were extended north of the Nile River into the modern day Nwoya district. After the British administrators established the national parks Act of Uganda in 1952 the reserved area became Murchison Falls National Park. By 1960’s, Murchison Falls National Park had become the leading destination for Uganda safaris because of the diverse wildlife to the spectacular landscape straddling on both sides of the Nile River.

Did you know that the most powerful waterfall on the face of the earth is at Murchison Falls National Park?

The cascading murchison falls

          Murchison falls gushing its waters


The world’s most powerful water fall is situated in Uganda known as Murchison falls at Murchison falls National Park-the largest and most popular Uganda safari destination. The Murchison Falls actually gushes its water through an 8m wide gorge available as its path. The water then cascades 45 meters over the remnant rift valley wall to what is also referred to as the Devil’s cauldron creating the most creative art of nature.




The waterfall is adorned above with an all-day trademark rainbow. Did   you know how this rainbow is formed? OK, even if you didn’t know it existed just read below and find out all you need to know;

The rainbow above Murchison Falls

              The rainbow above Murchison Falls

The formation of each rainbow begins with millions of tiny rain droplets which serve as a light reflector. Murchison falls has the water droplets form from the splashing waters that crash against the rocks creating water spray in the air.

White light enters each individual water droplet and exits as one specific color of a spectrum. Sunlight enters the water droplet at a specific angle and the droplet separates the white light into many different colors. This angle is a fixed measurement between your eye and the sun.

The rainbows form a complete circle, however only half of the rainbow is visible. The horizon only allows us to see half of the rainbow circle so we see just an arc. This is because of the way that rain droplets fall in various distances and speeds.

The rainbow at Murchison Falls is one of nature’s splendid masterpieces that appears in a multicolored bow caused by water and the sun. The all-day rainbow is possible because Uganda is crossed by equator therefore the sun is almost always shining.

On a Uganda adventure safari just always remember to have the sun at your back and the water off in a distance in the direction of your shadow as you look at an approximately 40-degree angle above the ground. Murchison Falls won’t disappoint just travel at the best time that we will discuss next time.